Regulating Equitable Water Resources Governance in Indonesia


  • Indro Budiono Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Moch. Bakri Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Moh. Fadli Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Imam Koeswahyono Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya



regulation, water resources management, justice


This research starts from the case where Law Number 17 of 2019 is seen to support privatisation (commercialisation) and the control over rights to water that can trigger injustice. This surely contravenes Article 33 of the 1945 Indonesian Constitution. Indication concerning water commercialisation is clearly stated on Article 46 of Law Number 17 of 2019 stating that private companies can play a role in running drinking water system. The state guarantees the rights of every individual to water to fulfil their daily primary need as regulated in Article 33 Paragraph (2) and (3) of the 1945 Indonesian Constitution. In reference to that issue, what is implemented is that the state guarantees the availability and management of water resources for the citizens of Indonesia, which is aimed for more optimal water resources management to achieve social justice. This is a legal research employing statute and historical approaches. In terms of regulating water resources governance following the reform to date, there has not been an indicator showing the practice of good environmental governance, and this has raised an impact causing a gap in water services for members of public. There seems to be a connection between centralistic legal politics and what influences political patterns that are pro-investment, leading to a counter-productive issue to the effectuation of justice and the principle of good governance.

Author Biography

Indro Budiono, Faculty of Law, Universitas Brawijaya

Regulating Equitable Water Resources Governance in Indonesia


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